The Romans built public and private toilets and these are found all over the empire. These toilets had well designed drainage systems to carry away the sewage. In Rome itself there were miles of sewers that carried the waste to the river Tiber where it flowed out to sea.
Water pipes, drains and toilets all go together. In roman towns there were drains laid along all of the streets and joined together with sewers to carry off the rain water and sewage. The many public toilets all had neat stone seats and even a hand basin. Although the way they were laid out meant you were sat side by side with up to twenty other people!! In Rome itself the sewers were massive (think of the “waste” that 1 000000 people can produce!) and flowed out through the Clocia Maxia into the river Tiber.
A friend of Emperor Augustus once had himself rowed through the sewers in a boat. These sewers must have been smelly as even the Romans couldn’t bring enough water to wash out the sewers properly. Roman drains were built to last and York still uses a section of Roman sewer, still doing its’ job after nearly 2000 years when the Victorian sewer around it is crumbling.
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