AQA GCSE History: Germany, 1890-1945: Democracy and dictatorship

Teach AQA module AB: Germany, 1890-1945: Democracy and dictatorship, no prep needed!

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AB Germany, 1890-1945: Democracy and Dictatorship

This module focuses on the development of Germany at the turn of the 20th century. It explores the turbulent period of change from democracy during the Weimar Republic era to that of dictatorship during the rise to power and eventual fall of Nazism. Topics covered include the political, economic and cultural environments and their aspects under the two different political systems. Key individuals and policies are also examined to frame and contextualise the changes that occurred.

The module is divided into three parts, which are detailed below and are aligned with the specifications of the AQA handbook.

Part one: Germany and the growth of democracy

Themes covered include:

  • Kaiser Wilhelm II and the difficulties of ruling Germany: the growth of parliamentary government; the influence of Prussian militarism; industrialisation; social reform and the growth of socialism; the domestic importance of the Navy Laws.
  • The impact of WWI: war weariness, economic problems; defeat; the end of the monarchy; post-war problems including reparations, the occupation of the Ruhr and hyperinflation.
  • Weimar democracy: political change and unrest, 1919–1923, including Spartacists, Kapp Putsch and the Munich Putsch; the extent of recovery during the Stresemann era (1924–1929): economic developments including the new currency, Dawes Plan and the Young Plan; the impact of international agreements on recovery; Weimar culture.

Part two: Germany and the Depression

  • The impact of the Depression: growth in support for the Nazis and other extremist parties (1928–1932), including the role of the SA; Hitler’s appeal.
  • The failure of Weimar democracy: election results; the role of Papen and Hindenburg and Hitler’s appointment as Chancellor.
  • The establishment of Hitler’s dictatorship: the Reichstag Fire; the Enabling Act; elimination of political opposition; trade unions; Rohm and the Night of the Long Knives; Hitler becomes Führer.

Part three: The experiences of Germans under the Nazis

  • Economic changes: benefits and drawbacks; employment; public works programmes; rearmament; self-sufficiency; the impact of war on the economy and the German people, including bombing, rationing, labour shortages, refugees.
  • Social policy and practice: reasons for policies, practices and their impact on women, young people and youth groups; education; control of churches and religion; Aryan ideas, racial policy and persecution; the Final Solution.
  • Control: Goebbels, the use of propaganda and censorship; Nazi culture; repression and the police state and the roles of Himmler, the SS and Gestapo; opposition and resistance, including White Rose group, Swing Youth, Edelweiss Pirates and July 1944 bomb plot.

Each module is accompanied by three evaluation assignments and a homework assignment as well as an assessment quiz and answer sheet.

Resource Examples

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This module download also includes the following teaching resources:

  • AQA GCSE History Exam Booklets (2020 & 2021 Syllabus) (zip)
  • L1 Wilhelmine Germany (pdf)
  • L1 Wilhelmine Germany (doc)
  • L2 German Revolution Info Hunt Posters (pdf)
  • L2 German Revolution Info Hunt Posters (docx)
  • L2 Homework 1 (pdf)
  • L2 Homework 1 (docx)
  • L2 Hyperinflation In Germany (mp4)
  • L2 Impact Of The Treaty Of Versailles (pdf)
  • L2 Impact Of The Treaty Of Versailles (docx)
  • L2 Impact Of Wwi (pptx)
  • L2 Impact Of Wwi On Germany Diagram (pptx)
  • L2 Impact Of Wwi On Germany Diagram (pdf)
  • L2 Invasion Of The Ruhr (mp4)
  • L2 The German Revolution (docx)
  • L2 The German Revolution (pdf)
  • L2 Weimar Republic Constitution Diagram (pptx)
  • L2 Weimar Republic Constitution Diagram (pdf)
  • L3 Art And Culture (docx)
  • L3 Art And Culture (pdf)
  • L3 Stresemann S Strategies (pdf)
  • L3 Stresemann S Strategies (docx)
  • L3 Stresemann S Strategies Information (pdf)
  • L3 Stresemann S Strategies Information (docx)
  • L3 Weimar Germany (pptx)
  • L4 Adolf Hitler Timeline (docx)
  • L4 Adolf Hitler Timeline (pdf)
  • L4 Appeal Fill In The Blanks Sheet (pdf)
  • L4 Appeal Fill In The Blanks Sheet (doc)
  • L4 Growth Of Nazi Party Popularity Wall Information (pdf)
  • L4 Growth Of Nazi Party Popularity Wall Information (docx)
  • L4 Hitler And Mein Kampf (pdf)
  • L4 Hitler And Mein Kampf (doc)
  • L4 Hitler And Mein Kampf Info (pdf)
  • L4 Hitler And Mein Kampf Info (doc)
  • L4 Hitler Facebook Homework (pdf)
  • L4 Hitler Facebook Homework (ppt)
  • L4 How Hitler Became Chancellor In 1933 (doc)
  • L4 Nazi Party Reorganisation (pdf)
  • L4 Nazi Party Reorganisation (docx)
  • L4 Reasons Why The Nazi Party Grew In Popularity 1929-32 (pdf)
  • L4 Reasons Why The Nazi Party Grew In Popularity 1929-32 (docx)
  • L4 Role Of Hitler And The Nazi Party (pptx)
  • L4 Sa Source Work (doc)
  • L4 Sa Source Work (pdf)
  • L5 Consequences Of The Munich Putsch Blank Diagram (pdf)
  • L5 Consequences Of The Munich Putsch Blank Diagram (docx)
  • L5 Failure Of The Weimar Republic (pptx)
  • L5 How Did Hitler Rise To Power- Alex Gendler And Anthony Hazard (mp4)
  • L5 How Hitler Became Chancellor In 1933 (pdf)
  • L6 Hitler S Rise After The Reichstag Fire (mp4)
  • L6 How Hitler Became Chancellor In 1933 (doc)
  • L6 How Hitler Became Chancellor In 1933 (pdf)
  • L6 Night Of The Long Knives (pdf)
  • L6 Night Of The Long Knives (docx)
  • L6 Night Of The Long Knives The 20th Century World History Khan Academy (mp4)
  • L7 Employment And Living Standard Information Gathering Sheet (docx)
  • L7 Employment And Living Standard Information Gathering Sheet (pdf)
  • L7 Employment And Living Standard Information Gathering Sheet 2 (docx)
  • L7 Employment And Living Standards (docx)
  • L7 Employment And Living Standards (pdf)
  • L7 Nazi Germany Economy (pptx)
  • L8 Concentration And Death Camps (pdf)
  • L8 Concentration And Death Camps (doc)
  • L8 Life In Nazi Germany (pptx)
  • L8 Life In Nazi Germany Homework (pdf)
  • L8 Life In Nazi Germany Homework (docx)
  • L8 Nazi Germany Mark Scheme (doc)
  • L8 Nazi Germany Mark Scheme (pdf)
  • L8 Nazi Policies Towards German Youth (pdf)
  • L8 Nazi Policies Towards German Youth (docx)
  • L8 Nazi Policies Towards Women (mp4)
  • L8 Persecution Of The Minorities (doc)
  • L8 Persecution Of The Minorities (pdf)
  • L8 Social Darwinism And The Nazis (pdf)
  • L8 Social Darwinism And The Nazis (doc)
  • L8 Women In Germany Statistics (doc)
  • L8 Women In Germany Statistics (pdf)
  • L9 Martin Niemoller (mp4)
  • L9 Nazi Control And Dictatorship (pptx)
  • L9 Nazi Germany The Nazis And The Church Restistance To Hitler (mp4)
  • L9 The Edelweiss Pirates (mp4)
  • L9 The Role Of The Ss (pdf)
  • L9 The Role Of The Ss (doc)
  • L9 The Swing Youth Movement In Nazi Germany (mp4)
  • L9 The White Rose Movement (mp4)