AQA GCSE History: Restoration England, 1660–1685

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BD Restoration England, 1660–1685

This option allows students to study in depth the restoration of the monarchy. The study will focus on the major aspects of Charles II’s reign considered from economic, religious, political, social and cultural standpoints of this period and arising contemporary and historical controversies.

Students will study a wide variety of topics compiled into four modules, namely:

Part one: Crown, Parliament, plots and court life

Themes include:

  • Crown and Parliament: the legacy of the English Civil War and Commonwealth; the restoration of the monarchy; the succession issue; relations and issues with Parliament, finance and religion; the Cabal and ‘Party politics’; rule without parliament from 1681.
  • The Catholic question: plots, including Titus Oates and the Popish Plot and the Rye House Plot; the Exclusion Bill, 1679; James, Duke of York.
  • Charles II’s court: Charles II’s character; court life, fashions and the role of the court.

Part two: Life in Restoration England

Themes include:

  • Crisis: Great Plague of 1665; causes and contemporary views; measures to combat; records; results; Fire of London of 1666; causes and contemporary views; results and reconstruction.
  • Restoration culture: Restoration comedy, theatres and playwrights; the role and status of women; coffee houses; Charles II’s patronage of the arts and sciences, including the Royal Society; Samuel Pepys; architecture and design, including Christopher Wren.

Part three: Land, trade and war

Themes include:

  • Land: the powers of the East India Company; Bombay; Hudson Bay; Tangier; Captain Henry Morgan and Jamaica.
  • Trade: mercantilism; the Navigation Acts and their impact; slave trade.
  • War: English sea power; naval warfare, including tactics and technology; conflict with the Dutch, including the Second and Third Dutch Wars; relations with Spain and France.

Part four: Historic Environment - Ham House

Themes include:

  • Location
  • Function
  • The structure, including modifications
  • People connected with Ham House
  • Design of the exterior, interior and gardens
  • How the design reflects the culture, values, fashions of the people during the Restoration era
  • How important events/developments from the depth study are connected to the site.

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