Teach any CIE module : The 19th century: The Development of Modern Nation States, 1848–1914, no prep needed!
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The 19th century: The Development of Modern Nation States, 1848–1914
The content for this course focuses on the following key questions:
Were the Revolutions of 1848 important?
- Why were there so many revolutions in 1848?
- Did the revolutions have anything in common?
- Why did most of the revolutions fail?
- Did the revolutions change anything?
- The nature of revolutions in 1848, and the influence of liberalism and nationalism
- Causes and events of revolutions in France, Italy, Germany and the Austrian Empire
- Reasons for the failure of the revolutions
How was Italy unified?
- Why was Italy not unified in 1848–49?
- How important was Garibaldi’s contribution to unifying Italy?
- Did Cavour help or hinder the unification of Italy?
- How important for other European countries were moves towards Italian unification?
- Austrian influence over Italy
- Italian nationalism and the role of Mazzini
- Events of 1848–49
- Victor Emmanuel II and Cavour: Plombières, war with Austria in 1859
- Garibaldi and the invasion of Sicily and Naples
- The creation of the Kingdom of Italy, completion of unification by 1870
How was Germany unified?
- Why was Germany not unified in 1848–50?
- How did Bismarck bring about Austria’s defeat of 1866?
- How did Bismarck bring about France’s defeat of 1870?
- How far was Bismarck responsible for the unification of Germany?
- German nationalism
- The Zollverein
- The 1848 revolution in Prussia
- The setting up and eventual failure of the Frankfurt Parliament
- Re-establishment of Austrian influence in Germany by 1850
- Bismarck as Prussian Minister–President
- Bismarck’s foreign policy to 1871: Schleswig-Holstein; the Austro–Prussian War and its consequences; relations with France; the Spanish Succession and the Franco-Prussian War; the creation of the German empire
Why was there a civil war in the United States and what were its results?
- How far did slavery cause the Civil War?
- What was the significance of Lincoln’s election as president?
- Why was the North able to win the war?
- Did the war change anything?
- Causes and consequences of the American Civil War, 1820–77: differences between North and South; slavery, slave states and free states; abolitionism; the 1860 election and secession of the Southern states; reasons for the North’s victory; the role of Lincoln; reconstruction; how successful was reconstruction?
Why, and with what effects, did Europeans expand their overseas empires in the nineteenth century?
- What were the motives behind European imperialism?
- How varied were the impacts of European imperialism on Africans?
- Why, and with what effects, did Indians resist British rule?
- Why, and with what effects, did the Chinese resist European influence?
- Reasons for imperialism: economic, military, geopolitical, religious and cultural motives
- Europeans in Africa: case studies of French, British and Belgian imperialism, and their impacts on Africans: the French model of assimilation and direct rule; Faidherbe and Senegal; the British model of indirect rule; Lugard and Nigeria; the Belgians and private imperialism; Leopold II and the Congo
- The British in India: the Mutiny, and changes it brought to British rule
- Europeans and China: the Opium Wars, the Boxer Rising and their results
What caused the First World War?
- Did the Alliance System make war more likely or less likely?
- How far did colonial problems create tensions between the Great Powers?
- Why were problems in the Balkans so difficult for the Great Powers to solve?
- How did the assassination of Franz Ferdinand lead to war?
- The origins of the First World War, 1890–1914: the Alliance System; the arms race; colonial rivalries; developments in the Balkans; the crisis of June–July 1914 and the outbreak of war