CIE IGCSE History: The First World War, 1914–18

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Depth Study A: The First World War, 1914–18

Why was the war not over by December 1914?

  • How was the Schlieffen Plan intended to work?
  • How important was Belgium’s reaction to the Schlieffen Plan?
  • How successful was the British Expeditionary Force (BEF)?
  • Why did both sides introduce trenches?

Why was there stalemate on the Western Front?

  • Why did the war become bogged down in the trenches?
  • What was living and fighting in the trenches like?
  • How important were new developments such as tanks, machine guns, aircraft and gas?
  • What was the significance of the Battles of Verdun and the Somme?

How important were other fronts?

  • Who won the war at sea?
  • Why did the Gallipoli campaign of 1915 fail?
  • Why did Russia leave the war in 1918?
  • What was the impact of war on civilian populations?

Why did Germany ask for an armistice in 1918?

  • What was the importance of America’s entry into the war?
  • Why was the German offensive of 1918 unsuccessful?
  • Why did revolution break out in Germany in October 1918?
  • Why was the armistice signed?

Further specified content can be found on page 17 of the Cambridge IGCSE Syllabus handbook (For examination in June and November 2020, 2021 and 2022)

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