HOW DID IT START ?
- ♦ The fire started when some hot coals fell out of a bakers oven.
- ♦ Straw was on the floor and soon set alight
- ♦ This happened at night and the fire soon spread
- ♦ The baker was the Kings Baker. His name was Thomas Farrinor The shop was on Pudding Lane
WHEN DID IT START ?
♦ It started at 2 am on the 2nd of September 1666 and ended four days later, 6th September 1666.
WHY DID IT SPREAD SO QUICKLY ?
There were lots of reasons
1) It had been another long hot summer and everything was very dry
2) Most houses were made from wood—so they burned easily
3) Most of the houses were very close together—so the fire spread quickly
4) Near where the fire started there were warehouses with flammable things like tar and rope. 5) Houses did not have running water. Water was came from pumps in the streets. The water
pump near where the fire started was out of order.
6) There was also a drought due to the hot weather—everything was very dry
7) There was no fire brigade. All people could use were leather buckets and water squirts. 8) The wind was blowing towards the most densely (heavily) populated part of London.
HOW DID THEY TRY TO PUT THE FIRE OUT ?
- ♦ To begin with the Lord Mayor of London did very little. Fires were common on London at this time.
- ♦ The Mayor felt the fire at first was nothing unusual—and would soon go out
- ♦ The fire soon got out of control
- ♦ Buckets and hand powered water squirts were used but they were not enough.
- ♦ Firebreaks were tried – this was when the king ordered that certain houses be pulled down to create a break in the fire.WHY DID THE FIRE GO OUT ?
- ♦ The wind changed direction—and blew the fire towards the stone parts of the city—slowing it down.
- ♦ The weather got cooler
- ♦ The firebreaks slowed it down – with the help of the army !WHAT WERE THE CONSEQUENCES ( EFFECTS) OF THE FIRE ?
- ♦ It destroyed about 80 % of London.
- ♦ The Great Fire destroyed about 13,200 houses, 84 parish churches, and the old St. Paul’s Cathedral.The Cathedral was rebuilt by Sir Christopher Wren
- ♦ Less than 10 people died (we think 6 died), but thousands were made homeless
- ♦ The fire had destroyed a dangerous and unhealthy area of London, and new buildings of brick andstone replaced the wooden houses these were a lot cleaner.
- ♦ Houses were built wider apart
HOW DO WE KNOW ABOUT THE FIRE OF LONDON AND THE PLAGUE ?
- ♦ Parish records give us some information on both of theses events.
- ♦ One of the best sources of information is Samuel Pepys. He lived through both the fire and the plague and he kept a dairy.
WHY DID SOME PEOPLE BLAME THE FIRE ON A CATHOLIC PLOT ?
- ♦ Shortly after the fire started a man called Robert Hubert said he started the fire. He was a Catholic
- ♦ Hubert wasn’t even in the country when the fire started and he was mentally ill. But he was executed any way
Facts PDF Worksheet:
- Aimed at Students studying at UK Year 8/9 or equivalent
- Free to download
- Use as you wish in the classroom or home environment
- Structured study guide and challenging tasks.