Oliver Cromwell Teacher Guidance


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Wales and Britain in the Early Modern World 1500-1760

The lesson sets pupils the task of evaluating evidence in order to come to a reasoned conclusion regarding the degree to which Cromwell was an enemy to the people. It is envisaged that the class will have a good understanding of the events surrounding the English Civil War and Cromwell’s role during this period. This presentation is also intended to support the teaching of Cromwell and not to be a complete study in itself.

Pupils are presented with a series of statements over three slides (slides 2, 3 and 4) – both positive and negative in nature. These can be considered individually, in groups, or pairs. Alternatively, this exercise could be teacher-led and involve whole class discussion. Pupils will hopefully come to realise that there are different interpretations regarding the changes brought about by Oliver Cromwell.

Slides 5 and 6 present further views of Cromwell for consideration and slides 7 and 8 presents a table that requires pupils to think of all that they have been told and all that has been presented within this lesson. Pupils have to fill in the table using positive, negative and neutral words that describe Cromwell, which will in turn help them to form a conclusion as to the nature of Cromwell and whether his policies and actions can be considered as being successful.

Slides 9 – 15 present specific information upon religion during the 1600’s. Pupils can therefore gain an overview of the different forms of religion and are asked to come to a conclusion as to which religion Cromwell followed and advocated. A set of questions have been provided to aid pupil understanding upon slide 15.

A diagram has been provided on slide 16 that enables pupils to approach the whiteboard (where possible) to record their conclusions, which should in turn help them plan an extended response based upon the key question.

Historical Knowledge and Understanding
2.1 – Analyse the characteristic features of the periods, situations and societies
studied and the diversity of experience within each one
2.2 – Describe, analyse and explain the causes and consequences of historical events,
situations and changes
2.4 – Assess the significance of the main events, people and changes studied

3.1 – Consider how and why some historical events, people and changes have been
interpreted differently
3.2 – Pupils apply their historical knowledge to analyse and evaluate interpretations

Historical Enquiry
4.2 – Ask and answer significant questions
4.4 – Record and evaluate the information acquired
4.5 – Reach reasoned conclusions

Organisation and Communication
5.2 – Pupils will use the necessary vocabulary to help understand the historical issues
and developments studied, and to apply the appropriate terms and ideas to
explain different historical events and features

Use with Oliver Cromwell assessment worksheet.