Colonial rule and the nationalist challenge in India, 1919–47 Edexcel IGCSE Resources

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Colonial rule and the nationalist challenge in India, 1919–47

For this history module, students need to learn about:

The Rowlatt Acts, Amritsar and the Government of India Act, 1919

  • Impact of the First World War on India, including the growth of nationalism;
  • The key terms of and reactions to the Rowlatt Acts and the nature of and weaknesses of the Government of India Act/Dyarchy (1919);
  • Causes, events and significance of the Amritsar Massacre.

Gandhi and Congress, 1919–27

  • The causes, nature and consequences of the rise of nationalism in India;
  • Gandhi and his aims and methods;
  • Congress and Swaraj;
  • Civil disobedience;
  • The Satyagraha Campaign;
  • Attitude of Congress to the British, Muslims and untouchables;
  • The role of Jinnah

Key developments, 1927–39

  • Consultation and conflict in the late 1920s and 1930s;
  • The causes and consequences of the Simon Commission;
  • Salt March and Round Table Conferences;
  • The significance of the Government of India Act (1935) and the outcome of the elections of 1937;
  • The roles of Gandhi and Jinnah and the Muslim League.

The impact of the Second World War on India

  • Relations between Gandhi, Nehru and Jinnah, and their policies;
  • Attitudes towards, and the political and economic impact of, the Second World War;
  • The significance of the Lahore Declaration (1940) and the ‘Quit India’ campaign;
  • The Cripps Mission and its failure;
  • The role of Wavell;
  • The importance of Chandra Bose.

Communal violence, independence and partition, 1945–47

  • The events and impact of the Simla Conference;
  • The attitude of the British Labour Government to India;
  • The Cabinet Mission and its impact;
  • The causes, nature and impact of Direct Action;
  • The significance of Muslim/Hindu differences and clashes;
  • The demand for Pakistan;
  • The role of Mountbatten;
  • British acceptance of partition as a solution, and its immediate consequences,
  • The problem of the Princely States;
  • Further communal violence.

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