Teach any Edexcel IGCSE module : Development of a nation: unification of Italy, 1848–70, no prep needed!
Do you want to save dozens of hours in time? Get your evenings and weekends back? Be fully prepared to teach any Edexcel iGCSE topic?
Every Edexcel iGCSE topic is covered, and each module comes complete with:
Paper 1: Depth Studies, Development of a Nation, Unification of Italy, 1848-70
What students need to learn::
The 1848 Revolutions in the Italian states
- The causes of the 1848 Revolutions in the Italian states, including new constitutions in Tuscany and Piedmont;
- Mazzini’s failed democratic revolt against the Pope in Rome.
- Reasons for failure of the 1848 Revolution.
- The legacy of the 1848 Revolutions: Victor Emmanuel and the Statuto, the impact of Austrian dominance, the impact on the papacy, the French occupation of Rome.
Developments in Piedmont, 1849–54
- Political developments in Piedmont;
- The rule of Victor Emmanuel II;
- The appointment of Cavour (1852) and its impact.
- Cavour’s financial and domestic reforms, economic expansion and his policies to reduce the influence of the Church.
The defeat of Austria, 1854–59
- Piedmont’s relationship with Austria.
- The significance of the Crimean War.
- Causes of the Second Italian War of Independence, including nationalism in Piedmont, relations with Napoleon III, the significance of the Orsini Affair and the Pact of Plombières.
- Origins, events and results of the Austrian war, including the significance of the battles of Magenta and Solferino;
- The Treaty of Villafranca;
- Cavour’s resignation;
- The annexation of the Central States and the loss of Nice and Savoy.
Garibaldi and the Papal States
- Garibaldi’s motives for intervention in Naples and Sicily and his relationship with Cavour and Victor Emmanuel II;
- Proclamation of Kingdom of Italy;
- Garibaldi’s successes in Sicily and Naples and the Papal States and the reaction of the great powers and Cavour;
- The establishment of the Kingdom of Italy.
Venice and Rome and the extent of unification by 1870
- Obstacles to unity after 1861: the role of Austria, France and the Pope, including ‘Piedmontisation’;
- Piedmont and Austro-Prussian War;
- The second battle of Custozza and Union with Venetia;
- The problem of Rome: the papacy and French occupation;
- The failure of Garibaldi’s diplomacy (1862–67);
- Piedmont and the Franco-Prussian War and the acquisition of Rome;
- Unity in 1870: factors promoting and working against unity.