Eduqas GCSE History: 1A. Conflict and Upheaval: England, 1337-1381

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Eduqas GCSE History Component 1: Studies in Depth

  • Written examinations: 2 hours (comprising two papers of 1 hour duration each)
  • 50% of qualification 100 marks (plus 6 marks for spelling, punctuation and grammar and use of specialist terms)

Learners study two Studies in Depth, one British and one non-British, from eight options in total. This component focuses study on substantial and coherent short time scales. Studies in Depth will provide learners with the opportunity to study history in greater depth and consequently understand the complexity of a society or historical situation more effectively.

Studies in Depth will focus study on different historical eras and different geographical contexts. This component encourages learners to use a wide range of historical sources. Learners should also study different historical interpretations of specific events and issues.

The two options studied must be from different historical eras (Medieval, 500-1500; Early Modern, 1450-1750; and Modern, 1700-present).

This module, (1A. Conflict and Upheaval: England, 1337-1381) is from the Medieval era.

Curriculum for 1A. Conflict and Upheaval: England, 1337-1381

  • This option focuses in depth on selected themes and issues relating to the history of England in the period 1337-1381.
  • Candidates will be required to consider the main political, social and economic issues of the time.
  • Candidates should develop an awareness of the course and effects of the Hundred Years’ War, the political, economic and social impact of the Black Death and the causes and events of the Peasants’ Revolt.
  • Candidates should develop an awareness of how these issues have been represented and interpreted, and how they have generated wider historical debate.
  • They should also address the key questions in each topic area using a range of historical sources.
  • The required content in italics shows which key features and characteristics of the period must be studied.

Key Questions and required content

1. England in the fourteenth century

What were the main characteristics of life in fourteenth century England?
Required content: English society in the fourteenth century; importance of the church; importance of the wool trade; position of women; rich and poor

2. The start of the Hundred Years’ War

What factors contributed to the outbreak of the Hundred Years’ War?
Required content: Overseas possessions of English kings; relations between France and Scotland; Isabella of France; Edward III’s claim; role of Philip of France; confiscation of Aquitaine; Edward III’s aims

3. The course of the War

What events shaped the course of the Hundred Years’ War?
Required content: Alliances; tactics – chevauchees, long-bow; battles of Crecy, Calais, Poitiers; role of the ‘Black Prince’; Treaty of Bretigny

4. The Black Death

What was the short term impact of the Black Death upon society?
Required content: Arrival of the Black Death; immediate impact; strains of plague; contemporary views; progress of the plague; factors aiding spread

5. Legacy of the Black Death

How important were the longer term consequences of the Black Death?
Required content: Population decrease; labour shortages; the Statute of Labourers; effects on survivors – wages, rents; art and medicine

6. Peasant discontent

What long and short-term factors led to the Peasants’ Revolt of 1381?
Required content: Effects of the Black Death; the issue of serfdom; religious ideas; John Ball; French Wars; the Poll Tax; role of Wat Tyler; events of May – June 1381

7. The Peasants’ Revolt

What was the significance of the Peasants’ Revolt?
Required content: Richard’s broken promises; Poll Tax; control of wages; decline of serfdom and the position of peasants; effects on the Hundred Years’ War

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