The Development of the UK, 1919-1990

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Eduqas GCSE History Component 2: Period Study

Written examinations: 2 hours (comprising two papers of 1-hour duration each)

50% of qualification 100 marks (plus 6 marks for spelling, punctuation and grammar and use of specialist terms)

In Component 2: Studies in Breadth, learners study one Period Study and one Thematic Study, from eight options in total. This component focuses study on substantial and coherent medium and long timescales. Studies in Breadth will provide learners with the opportunity to study history over longer timescales and consequently understand the changing nature of developments and issues associated with particular periods and geographical contexts. Studies in Breadth will also allow learners to understand change and continuity and similarity and difference across long sweeps of history, as well as the most significant characteristics of different ages. Studies in Breadth will focus study on different historical eras and different geographical contexts. This component encourages learners to develop an understanding of second-order historical concepts in particular, including continuity, change, cause, consequence, significance and similarity and difference.

Component 2: Studies in Breadth

Sub-section: Period Study

Module: 2D The Development of the UK

This option focuses on the key trends and turning points that have affected the development of the UK between 1919 and 1990. Candidates will be required to consider the developments, events and personalities which have shaped the recent history of the UK. Candidates will be required to examine the major political, social, economic and cultural perspectives which have affected the lives of the British people over the whole of this period. The required content in italics shows which key features and characteristics of the period must be studied. This option cannot be studied alongside Component 1, Option 1D: Austerity, Affluence and Discontent: Britain, 1951-1979.

Key Questions and Required Content

  1. Britain in the Twenties What was life like in the Twenties?
    • Post-war adjustment; expansion of the Welfare State; troubles in Ireland; General Strike; changes in the status of women. 
  2. Life during the Depression How were the lives of people affected by the Depression?
    • Mass unemployment in staple industries; dole and the Means Test; marching for jobs; new industry, migration and emigration. 
  3.  The Home Front How were the lives of people on the Home Front affected by war?
    • Preparations for war; effects of the Blitzkrieg; evacuation and rationing; the role of women; media and propaganda. 
  4.  Post-war Britain 1945-60 How did the economic and social policies of the post-war governments change the UK between 1945 and 1960?
    • The establishment of the NHS; nationalization; changes in education; increasing affluence. 
  5. The `Swinging Sixties`  Why was the 1960s an important decade for the British People?
    • Changes in popular culture; consumerism and affluence; liberalisation and permissiveness; immigration and the race issue. 
  6. The `Stuttering Seventies` Why was the 1970s a decade of problems? 
    • Civil unrest in Northern Ireland; sovereignty and Europe; nationalist issues in Scotland and Wales; the Winter of Discontent.
  7. The Thatcher Years What impact did Margaret Thatcher have on the country between 1979 and 1990?
    • Recession and recovery; the Falklands War; the Miners` Strike 1984-85; privatisation of industry.