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Eduqas GCSE History Component 1: Studies in Depth
- Written examinations: 2 hours (comprising two papers of 1 hour duration each)
- 50% of qualification 100 marks (plus 6 marks for spelling, punctuation and grammar and use of specialist terms)
Learners study two Studies in Depth, one British and one non-British, from eight options in total. This component focuses study on substantial and coherent short time scales. Studies in Depth will provide learners with the opportunity to study history in greater depth and consequently understand the complexity of a society or historical situation more effectively.
Studies in Depth will focus study on different historical eras and different geographical contexts. This component encourages learners to use a wide range of historical sources. Learners should also study different historical interpretations of specific events and issues.
The two options studied must be from different historical eras (Medieval, 500-1500; Early Modern, 1450-1750; and Modern, 1700-present).
This module is from the Early Modern, 1450 – 1750.
Curriculum for 1B. The Elizabethan Age, 1558-1603
- This option focuses in-depth on selected themes and issues relating to the Elizabethan Age including Elizabeth’s accession and issues of legitimacy, structure of the Elizabethan government, varying lifestyles of the rich and poor in the Golden Age of Tudor England, popular entertainment, issues of religion that culminated in the Religious Settlement, as well as Catholic and Puritan threats.
- Candidates will be required to consider the main drivers for creating the Religious Settlement and the impact of this legislation on practising Catholicism and pressure from Puritans for further reforms.
- Candidates should develop an awareness of the economic state of England upon Elizabeth’s accession, its impact on unemployment, perceptions of deserving and undeserving poor, and how Sumptuary laws reflected the wealthy side of England but also threw into stark contrast the dire state of the poor.
- Students should be able to form well-reasoned judgements on the defeat of the Spanish Armada, being able to articulate the circumstances that led to war, planning failures on the part of the Spanish, and events that saw to England’s victory.
- They should also address the key issues in each topic area using a range of historical sources.
- The required content in italics shows which key features and characteristics of the period must be studied.
Key Questions and required content
How successful was the government of Elizabeth I?
Required content: The coronation and popularity of Elizabeth; Royal Court; Privy Council and councillors; local government; the role of Parliament; taxation and freedom of speech
Lifestyles of the rich and poor
How did life differ for the rich and poor in Elizabethan England?
Required content: Contrasting lifestyles of rich and poor; homes and fashion; causes of poverty; issues of unemployment and vagrancy; government legislation including the 1601 Poor Law
What were the most popular types of entertainment in Elizabethan times?
Required content: The importance of popular entertainment; cruel sports; entertainment enjoyed by the rich; Elizabethan theatre; design and plays; attitudes towards the theatre
The problem of religion
How successfully did Elizabeth deal with the problem of religion?
Required content: Religious problems in 1559; aims of the Religious Settlement; the “Middle Way”; Acts of Uniformity and Supremacy; reactions to the Settlement
The Catholic threat
Why were the Catholics such a serious threat to Elizabeth?
Required content: Early toleration; excommunication in 1570; recusancy; Rebellion of the Northern Earls; Catholic plots – Ridolfi, Throckmorton, Babington; role of Mary, Queen of Scots
The Spanish Armada
How much of a threat was the Spanish Armada?
Required content: Reasons for the Armada; war in the Netherlands; course of the Armada – events in the Channel, Calais, fire ships, and return to Spain; results of the Armada
The Puritan threat
Why did the Puritans become an increasing threat during Elizabeth’s reign?
Required content: Puritanism; challenges to the Settlement; Puritan opposition in Parliament and Privy Council; measures taken to deal with the Puritan challenge