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Eduqas GCSE History Component 1: Studies in Depth
- Written examinations: 2 hours (comprising two papers of 1 hour duration each)
- 50% of qualification 100 marks (plus 6 marks for spelling, punctuation and grammar and use of specialist terms)
Learners study two Studies in Depth, one British and one non-British, from eight options in total. This component focuses study on substantial and coherent short time scales. Studies in Depth will provide learners with the opportunity to study history in greater depth and consequently understand the complexity of a society or historical situation more effectively.
Studies in Depth will focus study on different historical eras and different geographical contexts. This component encourages learners to use a wide range of historical sources. Learners should also study different historical interpretations of specific events and issues.
The two options studied must be from different historical eras (Medieval, 500-1500; Early Modern, 1450-1750; and Modern, 1700-present).
This module is from the Modern era, 1700 – present.
Curriculum for 1H. The U.S.A.: A Nation of Contrasts, 1910-1929
- This option focuses in depth on selected themes and issues relating to the history of the United States of America at the turn of the 20th century. It includes topics of European immigration to the U.S. in pursuit of the American Dream, issues of race and religion as a result of the influx of immigrants threatening the ‘American way’, issues of crime and corruption as a consequence of Prohibition laws and the rise of organised crime, the heyday of the economic boom followed by the Wall Street Crash, how modern Americans entertained themselves, as well as the changing roles, attitudes and rights of women in America post-WW1.
- Candidates will be required to consider the main drivers for entering WWI, how destruction in European countries fuelled the economic boom in America until they were productive again and policies tabled to protect the American market.
- Candidates should understand the changing social landscape of America as a result of an influx of immigrants from a number of European countries, the rise of feminism and suffrage, and the introduction of African-American dance and music into white middle-class America.
- Candidates should develop an awareness of how consumerism, hire-purchase and credit enabled middle-class Americans to buy at an unprecedented rate, the conditions that led to the Wall Street Crash, as well as the consequences of the collapse of the stock market.
- Students should be able to form well-reasoned judgements based on historical facts, while also including issues of the wider historical debate of how and why America was a nation of stark contrasts in the early 20th century.
- They should also address the key issues in each topic area using a range of historical sources.
- The required content in italics shows which key features and characteristics of the period must be studied.
Key Questions and required content
Why did immigration become such a major issue in American society?
Required content: The Open Door; demands for restriction; government legislation; xenophobia; anarchists – the Red Scare; Palmer Raids; Sacco and Vanzetti case.
Religion and Race
Was America a country of religious and racial intolerance
during this period?
Required content: Religious fundamentalism – the Bible Belt; the Monkey Trial; treatment of Native Americans; segregation, Jim Crow, KKK; black reaction, migration, NAACP, UNIA.
Crime and Corruption
Was the 1920s a decade of organised crime and
Required content: Reasons for, life under and enforcement of Prohibition; organised crime – Al Capone, St Valentine’s Day Massacre; corruption – Harding, ‘Ohio Gang’, Teapot Dome scandal.
What were the causes of the economic boom experienced
in the 1920s?
Required content: America’s economic position in 1910 – assets and natural resources; economic impact of the First World War; hire purchase; electrification; mass production; laissez-faire; individualism and protectionism.
End of Prosperity
What factors led to the end of prosperity in 1929?
Required content: Overproduction; falling consumer demand; boom in land and property values; over speculation; the Wall Street Crash – panic selling, Black Thursday, market crash.
How did popular entertainment develop during this period?
Required content: Advent of silent movies; popularity of the cinema and movie stars; advent of the talkies; popular music; jazz; impact of radio and gramophone; dancing and speakeasy culture.
Role of Women
How did the lifestyle and status of women change during
Required content: Role of women in the pre-war years; impact of the First World War; changing attitudes; influence of Jazz culture; flapper lifestyle and feminism; new fashions; opposition to the flapper lifestyle.