Download Britain In Africa 1800s
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- Britain’s administration of Egypt and the Cape Colony contributed to a preoccupation over securing the source of the Nile River.
- Egypt was overrun by British forces in 1882.
- Sudan, Nigeria, Kenya and Ugand were subjugated in the 1890s and early 20th century; and in the south, the Cape Colony provided a base for the subjugation of neighbouring
- African states and the Dutch Afrikaner settlers who had left the Cape to avoid the British and then founded their own republics.
- In 1877, Theophilus Shepstone annexed the South African Republic for the British.
- The UK consolidated its power over most of the colonies of South Africa in 1879 after the Anglo-Zulu War.
- The Boers protested and in December 1880 they revolted, leading to the First Boer War (1880–81).
- British Prime Minister William Gladstone signed a peace treaty on 23 March 1881, giving self-government to the Boers in the Transvaal.
- The Jameson Raid of 1895 was a failed attempt by the British South Africa Company and the Johannesburg Reform Committee to overthrow the Boer government in the Transvaal.
- The Second Boer War was about control of the gold and diamond industries and was fought between 1899 and 1902; the independent Boer republics of the Orange Free State and of the South African Republic (Transvaal) were this time defeated and absorbed into the British Empire.
Powerpoint Lesson Plan:
- Aimed at Students studying across UK Year 7,8 & 9 or equivalent
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- Complete lesson plan focused around Britain in Africa throughout the 1800s (Includes The Second Boer War information)