Download Why was the Treaty of Versailles needed in 1918
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- The Great War (1914-1918) was the worst war the world had ever witnessed.
- Over 10 million soldiers and civilians had lost their lives.
- Huge areas of land in France and Belgium had been completely destroyed.
- The nightmare of the Western Front was fresh in people’s minds.
- Germany was forced to sign an Armistice (ceasefire) In November 1918 as they could not continue fighting.
- The Weimar Republic signed the ceasefire but most ordinary Germans believed that the war was over but not that they had surrendered or lost.
- In January 1919, representatives from 32 countries met at the Palace of Versailles, near Paris, to sign treaties to end the war but ‘losing’ countries, including Germany, were not invited.
- This became known as the Versailles Conference.
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