What is Autarky? – Study Guide & Exam Questions


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What is autarky?
Autarky means economic self sufficiency. This means that a country produces enough goods of its own so that it doesn’t have to import goods (especially raw materials – coal, oil, iron ore) from other countries. Hitler wanted to achieve autarky so that if war came Germany would not be dependent on imports.

Hitler also wanted to build up the strength of the German armed forces. This would require enormous quantities of raw materials. This need for raw materials is linked to Hitler’s foreign policy. The army would have to invade and occupy countries in the east to capture ‘living space’ which would add raw materials to Hitler’s empire.

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