Timeline Of The American Revolution

The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783. The American Patriots in the Thirteen Colonies won independence from Great Britain, becoming the United States of America. They defeated the British in the American Revolutionary War. Below is a timeline of the key events, battles and how they shaped the outcome of the American Revolution.

1607First Colonists in the AmericasThe early colonists arrive in Jamestown, Virginia under Captain John Smith.
1609Henry Hudson explores the area along the Hudson RiverHenry Hudson explores the North Eastern region in Americas including along the Hudson River on behalf of the Dutch East India Company.
1619First Slaves arrive in the AmericasAfrican Blacks brought to Jamestown; beginning of slavery in the Virginia colony
1636The First University EstablishedThe first university in colonies is founded (Harvard College)
1686The Boston Revolt of 1689The Glorious Revolution in England directly led to the Boston Revolution in Massachusetts. The Colonists in Boston overthrew the officials appointed by James II under the Dominion of New England.
1763Treaty of ParisThe French and Indian War (1754-1763) ends with the Treaty of Paris with Britain acquiring the land east of the Mississippi.
Pontiac’s RebellionThe Natives under Ottawa Chief Pontiac (1720-1769) rebelled against the British in Ohio and lost.
The Royal Proclamation of 1763Issued by King George III after the end of the French and Indian War also known as the Seven Years’ War to organise the new North American empire and stabilise relations with Native Americans. No British settlements allowed west of the Appalachian Mountains. Settlers already in these areas required to return east
1764Taxation without Representation is TyrannyJames Otis urges Americans to react to the taxes imposed by England. Coining the phrase “taxation without representation is tyranny.”
1765The Stamp ActThe Stamp Act is passed, as a means of increasing the taxes base in the American colony. The Quartering Act is passed, compelling Americans to house British soldiers.
1766Sons of LibertyAn organisation leading in the opposition of the Stamp Act, causing its repeal. The New York Assembly withholds from passing legislation for the implementation of the Quartering Act
1768Boston and New York boycott British goodsMerchants agree to boycott British products
1770The Boston MassacreFour workers shot by British troops in Boston
1773The Boston Tea PartyMassachusetts group disguises themselves as Mohawk Indians to protest against the British Tea Act by dumping crates of tea into Boston Harbour
1774The Coercive ActsAlso called the Intolerable Acts by the colonies, were based in retaliation to the Boston Tea Party
1774First Continental CongressMeeting by delegates from the twelve of the thirteen colonies in Philadelphia to forge a way forward after the Coercive Acts were passed.
1775Declaration on the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up ArmsThe first shots of the American Revolution were fired at Lexington and Concord by the colonist’s militia, and George Washington takes command of the Continental Army. The war persists until 1783.

In June the same year, Americans issued a declaration of the Cause and Necessity of taking up arms, stating it that they’ve “resolved to die, freemen, rather than live as slaves.”
1775Second Continental CongressConvened after the war had begun and declared the independence of America in the following year.
1776American IndependenceThomas Jefferson presents the United States Declaration of Independence
1777Articles of Confederation ratifiedThe Articles of Confederation are developed, and Congress becomes the sole authority of the new national government. Ratified by all thirteen colonies 1781
1783Treaty of ParisNovember 30: Preliminary peace treaty signed in Paris recognising American independence and the British withdrawal from America.
1788US Constitution RatifiedMajority of the thirteen states ratified the Constitution that rectified the defects of the Articles of Confederation
1789The first session of Congress meetsGeorge Washington inaugurated as the First President of the US (1789-1797)
1791Bill of Rights passed.George Washington inaugurated as the First President of the US (1789-1797)
1793Fugitive Slave Act passedEnacted to ensure that runaway slaves in free states are returned to their masters
1795Vermont and KentuckyVermont and Kentucky were admitted to the US

Whiskey RebellionA rebellion against whiskey tax during Washington’s presidency
1797Second PresidentSecond President of the US is John Adams (1797-1801)
Library of Congress foundedServes as the research arm of Congress and is the de facto national library
1800Washington DC becomes capital of national government.Washington DC becomes the permanent capital of the National government. At first, it was New York, the Philadelphia.
1801Third PresidentThird President of the US is Thomas Jefferson 1801-1809
1803Louisiana PurchasePurchase Louisiana by President Thomas Jefferson
1804Louisiana Territory ExplorationMeriwether Lewis and William Clark of the Louisiana Territory that would inform expansion into the area.
1807Act Prohibiting Importation of SlavesTo affect in 1808 and prohibited the importation of new slaves into the US
1809Fourth PresidentFourth President of the US is James Madison 1809-1817

War of 1812Considered the second liberation war, was caused by trade disputes between Britain and France. The war ended with the treaty of Ghent.
1817Fifth PresidentFifth President of the US is James Monroe 1817-1825
1818Kentucky and 5 other states join the USTennessee, Ohio, Louisiana, Indiana, and Mississippi join the US, and President Jackson purchases Kentucky from the Chickasaw nation
1819Florida admissionFlorida and Illinois admission to the US
1822Alabama and Maine admissionAlabama and Maine admission to the US
1825Sixth PresidentSixth President of the US is John Quincy Adams 1825-1829
1829Seventh PresidentSeventh President of the US is Andrew Jackson 1829-1837
1830Indian RemovalIndian Removal Act and the Oregon Trail opens
1831Nat Turner’s slave insurrectionNat Turner leads the most violent slave rebellion in Southampton Virginia
1832Indian AffairsDepartment of Indian Affairs established with a mission to enhance the welfare of the Indians. It was established by John C. Calhoun, the Secretary of War without the approval of Congress
1835Texas WarTexas War for Independence begins
1836Arkansas admissionArkansas admission to the US
1837Michigan admissionMichigan admission to the US
1837Eighth PresidentEighth President of the US is Martin Van Buren (1837 – 1841)
1838The Trail of Tears1838-1839: The Trail of Tears
1841The Ninth PresidentThe Ninth President is William Henry Harrison served the shortest term of 31 days and died in the White House of pneumonia
1841The Tenth PresidentThe Tenth President John Tyler (1841 – 1845)
1845The Eleventh PresidentThe Eleventh President is James K. Polk (1845 – 1849)

Mexican WarThe leading causes of the War were manifest destiny and westward expansion. The US wanted a more significant part of Mexico after annexing Texas
1848Californian Gold RushGold discovered in California; Western Gold Rush begins
1849Twelfth PresidentTwelfth President of the US is Zachary Taylor (1849 – 1850)
1850Thirteenth PresidentThirteenth President of the US is Millard Fillmore (1850–1853)
1853Fourteenth PresidentFourteenth President of the US is Franklin Pierce (1853–1857)
1857Fifteenth PresidentFifteenth President of the US is James Buchanan (1857–1861)
1861Sixteenth PresidentFifteenth President of the US is Abraham Lincoln from 1861 until his assassination in 1865 at the beginning of his second term
1861Civil WarCivil war is fought between the Northern and Southern states over the issue of slavery in the US (1861- 1865)
1863Emancipation DeclarationLincoln issues the Emancipation Declaration for slaves in the Confederation who ceded from the Union
1865Lincoln assassinatedLincoln is assassinated at the end of the Civil War
1865-77The Age of ReconstructionPresident Andrew Jackson, a southerner is compelled by Congress to allow reconstruction of slavery including 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments to the Constitution abolishing slavery and establishing a constitutional basis for the civil rights of African Americans.
1869First transcontinental railroad completedFurther enabled the westward expansion.

Image sources:

[1.] https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7e/RossBetsy.jpg