Timeline Of The War Of 1812

Key Facts & Summary

The war started on 18 June 1812, when America declared war against the British. It went on for two years and officially ended with the Treaty of Ghent on 24 December 1814.

The following is a timeline of critical events of the War.

YearEvent
1803-1812The British impressment of 10,000 American soldiers
July 23, 1805In the USS Essex incident, the British justify the seizure of trading ships travelling between neutral and enemy ports
January 25, 1806Congressman James Madison reports to Congress on matters concerning British interference and impressment of Americans
August 1806William Pinkney and James Monroe are unable to find an amicable resolution to the problems including trading in high seas and impressment between their respective countries Britain and America.
1806The British enact a blockade against France. Americans are caught in the middle of the war, and 1000 US ships are sized by the British.
March 1807Monroe and Pinkney agree to a treaty and submits it to Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson does not submit it to Congress because the terms were entirely unfavourable for the US.
June 1807The HMS Leonard fires USS Chesapeake after its refusal to be boarded.
December 1807The Embargo Act, an attempt of peaceful coercion by Jefferson causes economic strain to American merchants.
1811Tecumseh’s (the Prophet) leads an attack on William Henry Harrison’s army of 1000 men in the Battle of Tippecanoe.
June 18, 1812America declaration of war against the British is issued. The war is later known as “Mr Madison’s War” or “The Second American Revolution.”
August 16, 1812British invade American territory and occupy Fort Mackinac
1812Failed attempts to invade Canada
1812The USS Constitution also called the “Old Ironsides” defeats the HMS Guerriere.
January 1813Kentucky troops are defeated in the Battle of Frenchtown by the British and their Indian allies. American survivors are killed in the Raisin River Massacre.
April 1813US troop secure control of the Great Lakes region and burn York in the Battle of York.
September 1813Battle of Lake Erie. British naval attack suffers defeat to the US forces under Captain Perry.
October 1813Tecumseh is killed in a US victory in the battle of Thames (Ontario, Canada).
March 27, 1814Andrew Jackson defeats the Creek Indians in the battle of Horseshoe Bend (Mississippi Territory).
1814The British plan a three part invasion of US: Chesapeake Bay, Lake Champlain, & the mouth of Mississippi River. The British are turned back at Baltimore harbour.
August 24-25, 1814The British burn the White House in Washington, D.C.
September 1814Battle of Plattsburgh at Lake Champlain. The US secures its northern border with a massive victory over a larger British force.
December 15, 1814The Hartford Convention occurs during which a group of Federalists discuss session and constitutional amendments to avert another war
December 24, 1814Treaty of Ghent during the British and the US agree to return to the status quo antebellum
January 1815Battle of New Orleans is the most decisive victories of the War. Andrew Jackson leads the battle that leaves 700 British are killed, 1400 are wounded. The US only loses eight soldiers.

Image sources:

[1.] https://civilianmilitaryintelligencegroup.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/334.jpg

[2.] https://images.fineartamerica.com/images/artworkimages/mediumlarge/1/1-the-battle-of-new-orleans-american-school.jpg

[3.] https://amp.businessinsider.com/images/4fc8bafb69bedd212000000a-750-563.jpg