OCR GCSE History: Castles: Form and Function c1000 – 1750

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Castles: Form and Function c1000 – 1750

Kenilworth Castle has been selected as this site for assessment from 2019 onwards, in conjunction with English Heritage. The essence of this study is for learners to practice and develop their ability to use evidence effectively, specifically Kenilworth Castle.

The aim of this study is that learners should be able to explain how historians and archaeologists can use the physical fabric of Kenilworth Castle and accompanying relevant documents and other source material to understand the purpose of the site at specific points in time and also how this purpose may have changed across a particular time span.

Content covered in these resources include:

Part 1:

  • The location of Kenilworth Castle:
    • The strategic location of Kenilworth Castle.
    • The specific geographical location of Kenilworth Castle.
    • The specific physical location of Kenilworth Castle.
    • The evidence used by historians, e.g. maps from medieval to modern times, drawings in local histories.

Part 2:

  • The appearance and layout of Kenilworth Castle at different times in its history
    • Key features of the castle e.g. motte and bailey layouts, stone towers, defences, great hall, causeway.
    • When and why these features were installed or removed, including the slighting.
    • What these changes reveal about the history of the country at the time.
    • The evidence used by historians e.g. contracts, architect plans, contemporary drawings, aerial photographs.
  • Day to day function(s) of Kenilworth Castle at different times in its history
    • Kenilworth Castle as means of conquest, particularly in the Norman period.
    • Kenilworth Castle as means of baronial and or royal power.
    • Kenilworth Castle as centre of administration, justice etc.
    • Kenilworth Castle as a dwelling place.
    • The evidence used by historians, e.g. royal licenses, newspaper articles.
  • Life in Kenilworth Castle at different times in its history
    • The lives of the castle owners e.g. the De Clintons, de Montfort, Lancaster, John of Gaunt, Tudors, Dudleys, Stuarts, Hydes.
    • The people who made the castle function e.g. blacksmiths, cooks, etc.
    • The evidence used by historians e.g. bills and accounts, inventories.
    • Key events associated with Kenilworth Castle at different times in its history
    • Connections to events including: baronial and other rebellions, border warfare, civil war sieges.

Resource Examples

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