OCR GCSE History: China 1950–1981

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A1:1 China 1950–1981

This depth study focuses on the relationship between the Chinese people and the Communist government of China from 1950–1981. Learners will need to be familiar with the key issues specified in the introduction to the non-British depth studies on page 14 of the specification. These issues will be assessed.

Establishing Communism in China 1950–1965

  • Early purges against opposition in the 1950s in the cities, countryside and regions;
  • Intentions and impact of the Hundred Flowers campaign;
  • Communist social policies under Mao and how these differed from Chinese traditionalism;
  • Policies towards women, young people and education;
  • Agricultural policies, including early land reform, collectivisation and its impact;
  • Industrial policy, including the First Five Year Plan;
  • The Great Leap Forward, its effect across Chinese society and reasons for failure;
  • Dazhai Commune as a case study of Mao’s economic policies.

China during the Cultural Revolution 1966–1976

  • Reasons for the Cultural Revolution;
  • Impact of the Cultural Revolution on the people, including intellectuals and students;
  • The role of the Red Guards;
  • Impact of Communism in Tibet;
  • The nature of Communist propaganda and its impact, including Mao’s personality cult;
  • Dazhai community as a case study of Chinese repression, social and economic policy.

Communism in China after the death of Mao 1976–1981

  • Attitudes to opposition and its repression after 1976, including the Gang of Four and the ‘democracy wall’;
  • Changes in economic policy under Deng and its impact, including the Four Modernisations;
  • The nature of Communist propaganda and its impact;
  • Social changes under Deng and its impact, including the role of women, changes in education and the One Child policy.

Resource Examples

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This module download also includes the following teaching resources:

  • Module 1 Agricultural Timeline (pdf)
  • Module 1 Agricultural Timeline (docx)
  • Module 1 Causes Of The Chinese Civil War (pdf)
  • Module 1 Causes Of The Chinese Civil War (docx)
  • Module 1 Ccp Strengths And Weakness Information (docx)
  • Module 1 Ccp Strengths And Weakness Information (pdf)
  • Module 1 Differences Between Capitalism And Maoism Diagram (pdf)
  • Module 1 Differences Between Capitalism And Maoism Diagram (docx)
  • Module 1 Early Changes In Agriculture Keywords (docx)
  • Module 1 Early Changes In Agriculture Keywords (pdf)
  • Module 1 Economic Reform Info Hunt (docx)
  • Module 1 Establishing Communist Rule 1945-1959 (pptx)
  • Module 1 Main Threats To The Ccp And Mao In 1951 (pdf)
  • Module 1 Main Threats To The Ccp And Mao In 1951 (docx)
  • Module 1 The Four Phases Of The Chinese Civil War Chart (pdf)
  • Module 1 The Four Phases Of The Chinese Civil War Chart (docx)
  • Module 1 The Four Phases Of The Chinese Civil War Completed Sheet (docx)
  • Module 1 The Four Phases Of The Chinese Civil War Information Sheet 1 (docx)
  • Module 1 The Four Phases Of The Chinese Civil War Information Sheet 1 (pdf)
  • Module 1 The Four Phases Of The Chinese Civil War Information Sheet 2 (pdf)
  • Module 1 The Four Phases Of The Chinese Civil War Information Sheet 2 (docx)
  • Module 1 The Four Phases Of The Chinese Civil War Information Sheet 3 (pdf)
  • Module 1 The Four Phases Of The Chinese Civil War Information Sheet 3 (docx)
  • Module 1 The Four Phases Of The Chinese Civil War Information Sheet 4 (docx)
  • Module 1 The Four Phases Of The Chinese Civil War Information Sheet 4 (pdf)
  • Module 1 The Hundred Flowers Campaign Comprehension Activity Sheet (docx)
  • Module 1 The Hundred Flowers Campaign Comprehension Activity Sheet (pdf)
  • Module 2 Chinese Industry And The Five-Year Plans (docx)
  • Module 2 Chinese Industry And The Five-Year Plans (pdf)
  • Module 2 Economic Policy 1949-65 (pptx)
  • Module 2 Economic Reform Blank Chart (docx)
  • Module 2 Economic Reform Blank Chart (pdf)
  • Module 2 Economic Reform Info Hunt (docx)
  • Module 2 Economic Reform Info Hunt (pdf)
  • Module 2 Impact Of The Cultural Revolution (docx)
  • Module 2 Kinetichistory-The-Great-Leap-Forward (mp4)
  • Module 2 Lushan Conference Handout (pdf)
  • Module 2 Lushan Conference Handout (pptx)
  • Module 3 Communists-Nationalists-And-Chinas-Revolutions-Crash-Course-World-History-37 (mp4)
  • Module 3 Cultural Revolution 1966-76 (pptx)
  • Module 3 Impact Of The Cultural Revolution (pptx)
  • Module 3 Impact Of The Cultural Revolution (docx)
  • Module 3 Impact Of The Cultural Revolution (pdf)
  • Module 3 Impact Of The Cultural Revolution Data (pdf)
  • Module 3 Socialist-Education-Movement (mp4)
  • Module 3 Still-Ashamed-Of-My-Part-In-Maos-Cultural-Revolution---Bbc-News (mp4)
  • Module 3 What-Was-Chinas-Cultural-Revolution-And-Why-Was-It-So-Violent (mp4)
  • Module 4 Communist Control Over China Worksheet (docx)
  • Module 4 Communist Control Over China Worksheet (pdf)
  • Module 4 Footbinding (mp4)
  • Module 4 Life In Mao S China 1949-76 (pptx)
  • OCR GCSE History Exam Booklets (zip)