OCR GCSE History: Poland 1956–1990

Teach any OCR module A1:3 : Poland 1956–1990, no prep needed!

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A1:3 Poland 1956–1990

This depth study focuses on the relationship between the Polish people and the Communist state in Poland from 1956–1990. Learners will need to be familiar with the key issues specified in the introduction to the non-British depth studies on page 14 of the specification. These issues will be assessed.

Gomułka 1956–1970

  • Political protests in 1956, including Poznań and state reaction to protests;
  • Gomułka’s national communism;
  • Relations between Communist government and Catholic Church, including church building in Nowa Huta; reasons for, and impact of, state role in agriculture;
  • Press freedoms; Gomułka’s relationship with workers’ councils;
  • Anti-Semitism and its role in protest;
  • March 1968;
  • Baltic shipyard riots 1970;
  • Gomułka’s resignation.

Gierek 1970–1980

  • Continuing economic problems and reactions to them, including Łódź textile strikes in 1971, loans and foreign debt;
  • Amendments to the Constitution in 1976;
  • Development of organised opposition, including the letter of 59 in 1975, events of June 1976 and the establishment of the Workers’ Defence Committee;
  • Reaction to the election of Cardinal Wojtyła to Pope 1978, including the Pope’s visit to Poland 1979;
  • Emergence of Solidarity, including the role of Gdańsk shipyard in 1980;
  • Solidarity’s membership, aims and leadership;
  • Removal of Gierek.

Jaruzelski 1980–1990

  • Emergence of Jaruzelski and military rule;
  • The relationship between the state and Solidarity, including suspension, arrests and attacks; establishment of OPZZ 1984;
  • Effect of strikes in 1981, including the warning strike;
  • Escalating economic problems; the Pope’s visit to Poland 1983;
  • Lech Wałęsa awarded Nobel Peace Prize 1983; war of information from underground Solidarity;
  • Murder of Father Jerzy Popiełuszko 1984 and trial;
  • Developments leading to the Round Table Agreements of 1989; changes to the Constitution 1989;
  • The Balcerowicz Plan;
  • Presidential election of Lech Wałęsa 1990.

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