OCR GCSE History: South Africa 1960–1994

Teach any OCR module A1:5 : South Africa 1960–1994, no prep needed!

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A1:5 South Africa 1960–1994

This depth study focuses on the relationship between the people and the state in South Africa from the Sharpeville Massacre to the release of Mandela and the start of the collapse of Apartheid. Through this study, students will be able to synthesise particular developments with particular times and exemplify their learnings. This module consists of the following parts:

Key topic 1: Opposition to the Apartheid regime c.1960s

  • The consolidation of Apartheid
  • Separate Development
  • The establishment of the Bantustans
  • Nature and extent of support for Apartheid
  • Methods used by the government to maintain the Apartheid regime
  • The Sharpeville Massacre and its impact
  • Reasons for, methods of and impact of different types of resistance to the Apartheid regime, including the ANC, continuing impact of the Freedom Charter
  • Umkhonto we Sizwe and Poqo
  • The Rivonia Trial 1964 and its consequences.

Key topic 2: Growing resistance and repression c.1970s

  • The Black Consciousness Movement, SASO, women’s groups, trade unions, including the Durban workers’ strike 1973 and young people, including the Soweto students’ uprising 1976
  • The ANC in exile; the international Anti-Apartheid Movement
  • The impact of resistance on the Apartheid regime
  • The response of the regime to resistance.

Key topic 3: The collapse of Apartheid c.1980s–1994

  • Growing pressure on the regime, including the impact of sanctions
  • The United Democratic Front
  • The growth and impact of mass resistance
  • The growth of Inkatha, ‘civil war’ and the impact on Black communities
  • Opposition to the 1983 constitution
  • The State of Emergency 1985–1990
  • Divisions within the National Party government and the failure of ‘total strategy’, including the impact of the defeat at Cuito Cuanavale
  • The role of leading figures, including FW de Klerk, Ramaphosa and Mandela;
  • Negotiations between the government and the ANC
  • Unbanning of the ANC, Pan African Congress and the South African Communist Party
  • The first free elections in 1994.

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