OCR GCSE History: The USA, 1919–1948

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The USA, 1919–1948

In this module, students will cover the following topics in line with the OCR History A specifications booklet. Detailed information for the module can be found on page 18.

Topics include:

Part 1: The ‘Roaring Twenties”

  • The US economy in the ‘Roaring Twenties’, including Republican party policies and ideology;
  • Areas of industry and social groups that did, and did not, experience prosperity;
  • The US government and women in the 1920s, including women’s rights movements and the Sheppard-Towner Act;
  • Causes, aims, implementation and failure of prohibition;
  • Prejudice and discrimination in US society, including the Jim Crow Laws and the Ku Klux Klan;
  • The Red Scare, including the Palmer Raids and Sacco and Vanzetti;
  • Restrictions on immigration throughout the 1920s; attempts to combat prejudice, including the NAACP and the UNIA.

Part 2: The 1930s and the New Deal

  • Economic and social effects of the Great Depression and government response;
  • Presidential election campaigns of 1932;
  • Roosevelt and the First New Deal: the Hundred Days, Alphabet Agencies, including Agricultural Adjustment Agency, Civilian Conservation Corps, Federal Emergency Administration, National Recovery Administration and the Tennessee Valley Authority;
  • The Second New Deal, including Works Progress Administration, Social Security Act, Wagner Act, Resettlement Administration and Farm Security Administration;
  • Reactions to, and impact of, the New Deals.

Part 3: The impact of the Second

World War on US society

  • The mobilisation of the US people for the war effort, including propaganda campaigns, war production and its effects, the end of the Depression;
  • Increased government and Presidential powers, including control of wages and prices, response of population to US involvement in war;
  • Social impact of the war, including rationing, tax on luxuries, housing shortages and an increase in divorce; women and the war effort;
  • Japanese internment;
  • The war as the foundation for the Civil Rights movement;
  • The Detroit Race Riots 1943;
  • Segregation within the military;
  • Executive Order 8802;
  • Desegregation of US troops in 1948.

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