Protestantism & Nationalism
Posted 10 April 2011 - 08:11 PM
Posted 11 April 2011 - 08:25 AM
Can some one give me some examples of how protestantism spread with Nationalism?
Sorry to keep you waiting, but we answer all questions in our own time and, for a teacher on holiday, I have been rather busy. Also, we like to use 'please' and thank you' on the forum.
Which period are you studying? This will help give us some context to your question. However, if the question was all you have been given, we will see what we can do.
Posted 11 April 2011 - 01:04 PM
Protestantism developed in the 17th century. There is some evidence that rulers who want to break free from Rome appealed to 'patriotic' sentiment to build support at home.
The best example is England.
When he passed the Act of Appeals, Henry VIII inserted the claim that England was a sovereign Empire, and that the Pope had no right to interfere. This was taken by historians in the 1950s and 1960s as Henry allying himself with a 'growing nationalism'.
The only problem with this is that it does not really fit the facts.
'Nationalism' as we think of it did not really develop until the 19th cenutry and Napoleon.
As for Henry VIII, the example would have beennmor persuasive ifHenry hadn't remained a staunch Catholic his entire life. He was never a Protestant, and he only talke d about Engliish independence in order to create an excuse to break with Rome.
Andin fact he merely copied ideas from the Act of Praemunire which had been passed in the 14th century when Protestantism had not been invented.
One thing you might mention is that Protestant reformers, anxious to getvtheir ideas accepted by the people, often insist that prayers and the Bible needed to be in the 'vernacular' (eg English in Englsnd). In the long term, this may have helped to build up a sense of national identity.
But English peoplenhad always been aware of being English (check out Shakespeare's Henry V).
Protestantism was not really linked to the growth of Nationalism.
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