Depression, War and Recovery, 1930-1951 WJEC GCSE History Lesson Resources

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WJEC GCSE History Component 1: Studies in Depth

Written examination: 1 hour  25% of qualification  50 marks (plus 3 marks for spelling, punctuation and grammar and the use of specialist language)

Learners study one Study in Depth from four options in total. This unit focuses study on a substantial and coherent short time scale in the history of Wales within Britain. This unit will provide learners with the opportunity to understand the complexity of a society in the history of Wales within Britain more effectively. Learners should understand how the experience of people within Wales can be distinctive but also that it can reflect the wider relationship with Britain. This unit encourages learners to use a wide range of historical sources. Learners will also study different historical interpretations of specific events and issues.

Unit 1: Studies in Depth

Sub-section: Wales and the wider perspective

Module: 1C Depression, War, and Recovery, 1930-1951

This option focuses in-depth on selected themes and issues relating to the history of depression, war and recovery during the period 1930-1951. Learners will be required to consider the main features of life in the Depression, of war on the Home Front and of post-war Britain.  Learners should understand how the experience of people within Wales at this time was distinctive but also that this can reflect the wider relationship with Britain. Learners should develop an awareness of how aspects of life in this period have been represented and interpreted and they should also address the key questions in each topic area using a range of historical sources.  Where appropriate, these will contain material from Welsh sources. The required content below shows which key features and characteristics of the period must be studied.

Key Questions and Required Content

  1. The coming of the Depression: What were the main causes of the Depression?
    • Reasons for the decline of traditional industry in Britain, including competition from abroad, new markets, obsolete methods; the impact of the Wall Street Crash and its effect on industry in Britain. 
  2. Life during the Depression: How were people able to cope with the challenges of the Depression years?
    • The dole and the Means Test; hunger marches from Jarrow and Rhondda;  'making ends meet' and self-help; emigration from Wales; the importance of radio and cinema; growing light industry in parts of Britain; the Special Areas Acts; Trefforest Industrial Estate; contrast of older industrial regions with areas of greater employment. 
  3. The coming of war: How effectively did Britain prepare for war? 
    • The threat from Germany; Britain's policy of appeasement; preparations for war: wardens and shelters, RADAR, barrage balloons, anti-aircraft guns, conscription and reserved occupations. 
  4. Life during wartime: How did people in Britain cope with the experience of war? 
    • The bombing of British cities – Swansea, Belfast, Glasgow; evacuees and their host communities in Wales; the need for rationing; the contribution of women to the war effort 
  5. Keeping up morale: How important was it to maintain people's morale during the war?
    • The role of radio and cinema during the war; propaganda posters and censorship; campaigns and appeals such as Dig for Victory and the Spitfire Fund; the importance of Churchill as a war leader. 
  6. Life after war: How difficult were conditions in Britain in 1945? 
    • The economic position of Britain in 1945; demobilisation; war damage; the reasons for Labour's victory in the 1945 General Election 
  7. Rebuilding the country after 1945: How did the Labour government deal with the problems of the time? 
    • The Beveridge Report; Aneurin Bevan and the NHS;  educational opportunities following the Act of 1944; the 'Homes for All' policy; nationalisation of the key industries: coal, electricity and transport; reaction to the reforms of the post-war Labour governments.

This module download also includes the following teaching resources:

  • L1 Stock Market Crash Of 1929 Rebecca Black S Friday Parody 1 (mp4)
  • L1 The Coming Of The Depression (pptx)
  • L1 Unemployment Wall Information (docx)
  • L1 Unemployment Wall Information (pdf)
  • L1 Why Was The British Economy So Bad Between The World Wars (mp4)
  • L10 Growing New Light Industries (pdf)
  • L10 Growing New Light Industries (docx)
  • L11 The Special Areas Act Handout (docx)
  • L11 The Special Areas Act Handout (pdf)
  • L12 Treforest Industrial Estate Handout (docx)
  • L12 Treforest Industrial Estate Handout (pdf)
  • L13 Where There Two Britains (docx)
  • L13 Where There Two Britains (pdf)
  • L14 Appeasement (pptx)
  • L14 Appeasement Ariana Grande One Last Time Parody Mrbettsclass 1 (mp4)
  • L14 British Declaration Of War Radio Broadcast 3 Sept 1939 1 (mp4)
  • L14 Hitler S Foreign Policy (pptx)
  • L14 Nazi Foreign Policy- Hitler S Foreign Policy Goals 1933 1 (mp4)
  • L14 Nazi Germany Foreign Policy (pptx)
  • L14 Road To Wwii Worksheet (pdf)
  • L14 Road To Wwii Worksheet (docx)
  • L15 Conscription-homefront Ww2 (mp4)
  • L15 Preparing For War (pptx)
  • L15 Room Sources (pptx)
  • L15 Room Sources (pdf)
  • L15 The Great Evacuation Of 1939 (mp4)
  • L16 Home Front Preparations (ppt)
  • L16 The Home Front Leaflet Task Sheet (doc)
  • L16 The Home Front Leaflet Task Sheet (pdf)
  • L17 Information Sheet (pptx)
  • L17 Information Sheet (pdf)
  • L17 Rationing (doc)
  • L17 Rationing (pdf)
  • L17 Source Sheets (pptx)
  • L17 Source Sheets (pdf)
  • L18 Air Raid Shelters (pptx)
  • L18 The Blitz Homework (pdf)
  • L18 The Blitz Homework (doc)
  • L19 The Blitz (pptx)
  • L2- Impact Of The Depression (pptx)
  • L2- Information Sheets (pptx)
  • L2- Information Sheets (pdf)
  • L20 Gas Masks And Black Outs (ppt)
  • L21 Women And War Work (pptx)
  • L21 Women And War Work Homework (doc)
  • L21 Women And War Work Homework (pdf)
  • L21 Women Sources (pdf)
  • L21 Women Sources (pptx)
  • L22 Ministry Of Information And Keeping Up Morale (pptx)
  • L22 Sources For Students (pptx)
  • L22 Sources For Students (pdf)
  • L22 Tommy Handley Dorothy Summers Mrs. Mopp Joins The Home Guard 1943 (mp4)
  • L22 Went The Day Well- 1942 Trailer (mp4)
  • L23 Horrible Histories Winston Churchill Your Finest Hour Song Lyrics (mp4)
  • L23 The Role Of Winston Churchill (docx)
  • L23 The Role Of Winston Churchill (pdf)
  • L23 Winston S Churchill- We Shall Fight On The Beaches (mp4)
  • L24 Life After Wwii (pptx)
  • L24 Source Sheets (pdf)
  • L24 Source Sheets (pptx)
  • L25 Beveridge Report And Welfare State (pptx)
  • L25 Beveridge Report And Welfare State Information (pptx)
  • L25 Beveridge Report And Welfare State Information (pdf)
  • L26 Nhs Worksheet (pdf)
  • L27 Nhs (pptx)
  • L27 Source Analysis Grid (pdf)
  • L27- Nhs Worksheet (pptx)
  • L28 Source Analysis Grid (pptx)
  • L29 Education Act 1944 (pdf)
  • L29 Education Act 1944 (docx)
  • L3 Government Reaction (pptx)
  • L3 Information Sheet (pptx)
  • L3 Information Sheet (pdf)
  • L3 Sources (pdf)
  • L3 Sources (pptx)
  • L3 The Specials Ghost Town (mp4)
  • L30 Rebuilding Britain After 1945 (pdf)
  • L4 Unemployed Information (pdf)
  • L4 Unemployed Information (pptx)
  • L4 What Was It Like To Be Unemployed (pptx)
  • L5 Jarrow Marches (pptx)
  • L5 Task Sheet (pptx)
  • L5 Task Sheet (pdf)
  • L6 Chart (pptx)
  • L6 Chart (pdf)
  • L6 March To London (pptx)
  • L6 Source Sheets (pptx)
  • L6 Source Sheets (pdf)
  • L7 Making Ends Meet And Self Help (pdf)
  • L7 Making Ends Meet And Self Help (docx)
  • L9 The Importance Of Radio And The Cinema (pdf)
  • L9 The Importance Of Radio And The Cinema (docx)
  • WJEC_Eduqas Exam Booklets (zip)