AQA GCSE History: Britain: Health and the people: c1000 to the present day

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Britain: Health and the people: c1000 to the present day

In this thematic study, students will gain a detailed understanding of how medicine and public health evolved in Britain over the course of centuries to get a broad picture of causes, scale, nature and consequences of short- and long-term developments and their impact on British society. While the study focuses primarily on developments in Britain, wider developments from around the world are also drawn upon for historical context and to provide examples of how they affected Britain.

Students will study a wide variety of topics compiled into four modules, namely:

Part one: Medicine stands still

Themes include:

  • Medieval medicine: approaches including natural, supernatural, ideas of Hippocratic and

Galenic methods and treatments; the medieval doctor; training, beliefs about the cause of illness.

  • Medical progress: the contribution of Christianity to medical progress and treatment; hospitals; the nature and importance of Islamic medicine and surgery; surgery in medieval times, ideas and techniques.
  • Public health in the Middle Ages: towns and monasteries; the Black Death in Britain, beliefs about its causes, treatment and prevention.

Part two: The beginnings of change

Themes include:

  • The impact of the Renaissance on Britain: challenge to medical authority in anatomy, physiology and surgery; the work of Vesalius, Paré, William Harvey; opposition to change.
  • Dealing with disease: traditional and new methods of treatments; quackery; methods of treating disease; plague; the growth of hospitals; changes to the training and status of surgeons and physicians; the work of John Hunter.
  • Prevention of disease: inoculation; Edward Jenner, vaccination and opposition to change.

Part three: A revolution in medicine

  • The development of Germ Theory and its impact on the treatment of disease in Britain: the importance of Pasteur, Robert Koch and microbe hunting; Pasteur and vaccination; Paul Ehrlich and magic bullets; everyday medical treatments and remedies.
  • A revolution in surgery: anaesthetics, including Simpson and chloroform; antiseptics, including Lister and carbolic acid; surgical procedures; aseptic surgery.
  • Improvements in public health: public health problems in industrial Britain; cholera epidemics; the role of public health reformers; local and national government involvement in public health improvement, including the 1848 and 1875 Public Health Acts.

Part four: Modern medicine

Themes include:

  • Modern treatment of disease: the development of the pharmaceutical industry; penicillin, its discovery by Fleming, its development; new diseases and treatments, antibiotic resistance; alternative treatments.
  • The impact of war and technology on surgery: plastic surgery; blood transfusions; X-rays; transplant surgery; modern surgical methods, including lasers, radiation therapy and keyhole surgery.
  • Modern public health: the importance of Booth, Rowntree, and the Boer War; the Liberal social reforms; the impact of two world wars on public health, poverty and housing; the Beveridge Report and the Welfare State; creation and development of the National Health Service; costs, choices and the issues of healthcare in the 21st century.

Resource Examples

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This module download also includes the following teaching resources:

  • AQA GCSE History Exam Booklets (2020 & 2021 Syllabus) (zip)
  • L1 Beliefs About The Causes Of Illnesses In Medieval Times Chart (docx)
  • L1 Beliefs About The Causes Of Illnesses In Medieval Times Chart (pdf)
  • L1 Beliefs About The Causes Of Illnesses In Medieval Times Wall Info (pdf)
  • L1 Beliefs About The Causes Of Illnesses In Medieval Times Wall Info (docx)
  • L1 Galen And Hippocrates Who Were They- (mp4)
  • L1 Medieval Medicine Secondary History Medicine Through Time (mp4)
  • L1 What Did People Think Caused Illness In Medieval Times (pptx)
  • L10 -The Great Plague (pptx)
  • L10 Ring Around The Rosy Meaning Behind The Nursery Rhyme --- (mp4)
  • L10 The Great Plague (mp4)
  • L11 Changes In Care And Prevention During The Renaissance (pptx)
  • L11 Harvey And Vesalius Information (docx)
  • L11 Harvey And Vesalius Information (pdf)
  • L11 Harvey Chart (docx)
  • L11 Harvey Chart (pdf)
  • L11 Through The Door Names (docx)
  • L11 Through The Door Names (pdf)
  • L11 Vesalius Chart (docx)
  • L11 Vesalius Chart (pdf)
  • L11 Vesalius Pare And Harvey Secondary History Medicine Through Time (mp4)
  • L12 -Animated Hero Classics- Louis Pasteur On Dvd (mp4)
  • L12 Ambrose Pare (pdf)
  • L12 Ambrose Pare (docx)
  • L12 Ambrose Pare 1 (docx)
  • L12 Ambrose Pare 1 (pdf)
  • L12 Louis Pasteur And Robert Koch (pptx)
  • L12 Paul Ehrlich (pdf)
  • L12 Paul Ehrlich (docx)
  • L12 Robert Koch (docx)
  • L12 Robert Koch (pdf)
  • L12 Robert Koch 1843-1910 (mp4)
  • L13 -Joseph Lister Biography (mp4)
  • L13 Edward Jenner Story (mp4)
  • L13 How Far Had Care And Treatment Of The Sick Change In The 18th And 19th Century (pptx)
  • L13 John Hunter (docx)
  • L13 John Hunter (pdf)
  • L13 John Hunter1 (docx)
  • L13 John Hunter1 (pdf)
  • L13 Teachers Tv- The Victorians Florence Nightingale The Crimean War (mp4)
  • L13 Who Was James Simpson- (mp4)
  • L14 Cholera (pdf)
  • L14 Cholera (doc)
  • L14 Cholera Face Starter (docx)
  • L14 Cholera Face Starter (pdf)
  • L14 England- The Broad Street Pump I- You Know Nothing John Snow Extra History (mp4)
  • L15 Nedwin Chadwick And The Public Health Act (docx)
  • L15 Nedwin Chadwick And The Public Health Act (pdf)
  • L16 1896 The First X-Ray (mp4)
  • L16 Dna What Is Dna- Basics Of Dna (mp4)
  • L16 Equipment Posters (docx)
  • L16 Equipment Posters (pdf)
  • L16 Ideas About The Cause And Illness In Modern Britain (pptx)
  • L16 Improvements In Diagnostic Technology (docx)
  • L16 Improvements In Diagnostic Technology (pdf)
  • L16 The Race To Sequence The Human Genome Tien Nguyen (mp4)
  • L17- Approaches To Prevention And Treatment In The 20th And 21st Centuries (docx)
  • L17- Approaches To Prevention And Treatment In The 20th And 21st Centuries (pdf)
  • L18 -Change4life Schools Video (mp4)
  • L18 Changes In Prevention And Treatment (pptx)
  • L18 Healthcare In England (mp4)
  • L18 Polio Vaccine Manufactured 1956 (mp4)
  • L19 Comparing Sources On Trench Warfare (pdf)
  • L19 Trench Diagram To Label (pdf)
  • L19 Trench Diagram To Label (docx)
  • L19 Trench Warfare Source Activity (pptx)
  • L19 Trench Warfare Source Activity (pdf)
  • L19- Trench Warfare (pptx)
  • L2 How Do Leeches Help Modern Medicine- Biology Infested Living With Parasites (mp4)
  • L2 Medieval Cures Starter Activity (pdf)
  • L2 Medieval Cures Starter Activity (pptx)
  • L2 Medieval Prevention And Treatment Of Illnesses (pptx)
  • L2 Medieval Treatments (pdf)
  • L2 Medieval Treatments (docx)
  • L2 Medieval Treatments Table (pdf)
  • L2 Medieval Treatments Table (docx)
  • L2 Middle Ages Medicine (mp4)
  • L20 Life In The Trenches (doc)
  • L20 Life In The Trenches (pdf)
  • L20 Reality Of Trench Warfare (ppt)
  • L21 Conditions In The Trenches Chart (docx)
  • L21 Conditions In The Trenches Chart (pdf)
  • L21 Conditions In The Trenches Information For Group Work (doc)
  • L21 Conditions In The Trenches Information For Group Work (pdf)
  • L22 Battle Scenarios (doc)
  • L22 Battle Scenarios (pdf)
  • L22 New Weaponry (pptx)
  • L22 Weapon Chart (pdf)
  • L22 Weapon Chart (pptx)
  • L22 Weapons Card Sort (pdf)
  • L22 Weapons Card Sort (pub)
  • L23 Battle Of The Somme Verdun (pptx)
  • L23 Resources (pdf)
  • L23 Resources (pptx)
  • L24 Wwi Issues With Moving The Wounded Statements (docx)
  • L24 Wwi Issues With Moving The Wounded Statements (pdf)
  • L24 Wwi Trench Terrain And The Wounded (docx)
  • L24 Wwi Trench Terrain And The Wounded (pdf)
  • L25 Poor Health In The Trenches Chart (docx)
  • L25 Poor Health In The Trenches Chart (pdf)
  • L25 Poor Health Information In The Trenches (pdf)
  • L25 Poor Health Information In The Trenches (docx)
  • L26 First World War Tech- Chlorine Gas Gas Masks (mp4)
  • L26 Gas Attacks On The Front Line (pptx)
  • L26 How Did Gas Shells Work In Ww1- I Out Of The Trenches (mp4)
  • L26 So You Ve Just Died From Mustard Gas (mp4)
  • L27 Dulce Et Decorum Est Animation (mp4)
  • L27 Gas Attack Clip (mp4)
  • L28 Bbc Countryfile Remembers The Great War Carrie Re Wellington Arras (mp4)
  • L28 Diaries Of A First World War Nurse (mp4)
  • L28 The Evacuation Route Of Wounded During Wwi Stages Sheet (docx)
  • L28 The Evacuation Route Of Wounded During Wwi Stages Sheet (pdf)
  • L28 The Ramc Of The Western Command 1916 (mp4)
  • L28 Wounded On The Western Front (pptx)
  • L29 Operation Ouch In The World War 1 Trenches Cbbc (mp4)
  • L29 Surgical Developments In Wwi (docx)
  • L29 Surgical Developments In Wwi (pdf)
  • L29 Western Front Impact On Surgery (pptx)
  • L3 Horrible History Hospitals In The Middle Ages (mp4)
  • L3 Medieval Hospitals And Doctors (pptx)
  • L3 Teaching Fill In Chart (docx)
  • L3 Teaching Fill In Chart (pdf)
  • L3 Teaching Information (docx)
  • L3 Teaching Information (pdf)
  • L30 Blood Transfusions In Wwi (pptx)
  • L31 Booth Rowntree And The Boer War Info Hunt Posters (pptx)
  • L31 Booth Rowntree And The Boer War Info Hunt Posters (pdf)
  • L32 Beveridge Report And Welfare State (pptx)
  • L32 Beveridge Report And Welfare State Information (pdf)
  • L32 Beveridge Report And Welfare State Information (pptx)
  • L33 Nhs (pptx)
  • L33 Source Analysis Grid (pdf)
  • L33 Source Analysis Grid (pptx)
  • L4 Black Death (pptx)
  • L4 Black Death Source Sheet (pdf)
  • L4 Black Death Timeline Information (pptx)
  • L4 Black Death Timeline Information (pdf)
  • L4 The Black Death Interactive History Map (mp4)
  • L5 Card Sorting Activity (pdf)
  • L5 Card Sorting Activity (pptx)
  • L5 Causes Of The Black Death (pptx)
  • L5 Correct Flow Order For Weaker Students (pdf)
  • L5 Correct Flow Order For Weaker Students (pptx)
  • L6 Attempts To Prevent The Spread Of The Black Death (pdf)
  • L6 Attempts To Prevent The Spread Of The Black Death (docx)
  • L6 Black Death Treatments And Consequences Round Robin Resources (pptx)
  • L6 Black Death Treatments And Consequences Round Robin Resources (pdf)
  • L6 Cures And Treatments Of The Black Death (pptx)
  • L7 Black Death Assessment (pptx)
  • L7 Black Death Assessment (pdf)
  • L8 -Renaissance Ideas About The Causes Of Disease And Illness (pptx)
  • L8 Continuity And Change Chart (pdf)
  • L8 Continuity And Change Chart (docx)
  • L8 Renaissance Medicine (mp4)
  • L8 Thomas Sydenham Fact File (docx)
  • L8 Thomas Sydenham Fact File (pdf)
  • L8 Thomas Sydenham Statements (pdf)
  • L8 Thomas Sydenham Statements (docx)
  • L8 Under The Microscope (mp4)
  • L9 What Were Renaissance Approaches To Curing Illnesses (pdf)
  • L9 What Were Renaissance Approaches To Curing Illnesses (docx)