AQA GCSE History: Medieval England – the reign of Edward I, 1272–1307

Teach any AQA module BB: Medieval England, 1272–1307, no prep needed!

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BB Medieval England - the reign of Edward I, 1272–1307

This option allows students to study Medieval England and the reign of Edward I in depth. The study will focus on the causative origins, timeframe and impact of these events during the reign of Edward considered from economic, religious, political, social and cultural perspectives.

Students will study a wide variety of topics compiled into four modules, namely:

Part one: Government, the rights of King and people

Themes include:

  • Henry III’s legacy: the relationship between Edward and his father, Henry III; the problems faced on Edward I’s accession; relations with the nobility; Edward I’s character as a king.
  • Development of government, rights and justice: the Hundred Rolls; Robert Burnell; Statutes of Westminster; Statutes of Mortmain; ‘Quo Warranto’ Inquiries; parliaments; ‘The Model Parliament’ (1295).

Part two: Life in Medieval England

Themes include:

  • Trade, towns and villages: agriculture and the wool trade; royal finance and taxation; wool tax; Statute of Merchants; Italian bankers; re-coinage; expulsion of the Jews in 1290.
  • Education and learning: the medieval Church, universities, Roger Bacon, Duns Scotus.
  • The development of the legal system: laws; courts; trials; crimes; criminals and punishments; Statutes of Gloucester 1278 and Winchester 1285.

Part three: Edward I’s military campaigns in Wales and Scotland

Themes include:

  • Medieval warfare, tactics and technology: siege warfare, battlefield use of cavalry, infantry, weapons and armour.
  • The invasion and colonisation of Wales: Edward’s Welsh Wars in 1277 and 1282–1283; Statute of Rhuddlan; castle building; costs and consequences.
  • The relations with Scotland: ‘the Great Cause’; issue of Scottish succession, Balliol and Bruce; Scottish campaigns; William Wallace and the First War of Scottish Independence from 1297 to the death of Edward I; the reputation of Edward I as ‘Hammer of the Scots’.

Part four: Historic Environment - Caernarfon Castle

Themes include:

  • The location of the castle and how this was strategically beneficial advantageous.
  • The function of the castle and how its structure helped with its function.
  • The evolving structure of the castle including the evolution of materials and construction.
  • The people connected with the site e.g. the Romans and Normans. Craftspeople connected with the construction of the site and who enjoyed the economy created around it.
  • How the design reflects the culture, values, fashions of the people at the time.
  • How important events/developments from the depth study are connected to the site, e.g. the attack by Madog in 1294.

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